# Compiling and Running JAVA (Build System) through batch (.bat) and shell script (.sh) Windows 에서는 batch (.bat) file 로 Mac/Unix/Linux 에서는 shell script (.sh) file 로 JAVA file 을 compile 하고 run/execute 시키는 방법. 특히나 package 가 있고 import 가 있는 java 파일을 자동으로 컴파일하고, class 파일은 따로 클래스 폴더에 넣고 그 클래스 폴더의 class 파일을 자동으로 잘 찾아서 실행시키도록 디자인. ## TOC ## Windows ### batch file (runJava.bat) 관리자 권한으로 JAVA\bin 폴더에 runJava.bat 같은 batch 파일을 생성. [예] C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_25\bin\runJava.bat. 속성 - 보안 - 사용 권한 병경 [편집] - Users/kipid - 수정 허용 체크. Text editor 로 아래와 같이 내용을 넣고 저장. ```[.linenums.scrollable.lang-bat] @REM encoding must be EUC-KR with Korean folder name. @ECHO OFF :: destination of class to be created SET DC=C:\Recoeve\classes :: The whole CLASSPATH list splited by ";" SET CLASSPATH=.;C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_25\lib;C:\Recoeve\classes;C:\Recoeve\classes\javax.mail.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\MySQL\Connector.J 5.1\mysql-connector-java-5.1.33-bin.jar @REM mysql-connector.jar;javax.mail.jar :: %~nx1 expands %1 [arg 1] to "file name + extension". e.g. "HelloWorld.java" ECHO Compiling %~nx1 :: Compile %~nx1 with {filename:%~nx1, encoding:utf8, destination:%DC%, classpath:%CLASSPATH%} javac %~nx1 -encoding utf8 -d "%DC%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" IF NOT %ERRORLEVEL%==0 GOTO :EOF :: source directory SET SD=%CD% @REM or SET SD=%~dp1 :: %SD%\%~n1 gives [source directory]\file_name. e.g. "C:\Recoeve\sources\kipid\hello\HelloWorld". SET packSD=%SD%\%~n1 @REM or SET packSD=%~dpn1 :: Replace "C:\Recoeve\sources\" to "" [empty] of %packSD%. e.g. "kipid\hello\HelloWorld". SET CN=%packSD:C:\Recoeve\sources\=% :: Replace "\" to "." of %cn%. e.g. "kipid.hello.HelloWorld" :: This is a class name with JAVA package included. SET CN=%CN:\=.% ECHO --- OUTPUT: %CN% %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9 --- :: Change directory to the %DC% [destination of class to be created]. CD %DC% :: Run/Execute the class created. java -Dfile.encoding=UTF8 -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" %CN% %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9 :: Back to source directory CD %SD% ```/ ### Test 파일 C:\Recoeve\sources\kipid\hello\Hello.java 에 다음과 같이 저장. ```[.linenums] package kipid.hello; class Hello{ public static void main(String... args){ System.out.println("Hello World! 한글!"); for (String arg : args) { System.out.println("Hello "+arg); } } } ```/ cmd 프롬프트에서 runJava Hello.java 를 해당파일이 위치한 폴더 C:\Recoeve\sources\kipid\hello 에서 실행하면 다음과 같이 나옴. ```[.linenums] C:\Recoeve\sources\kipid\hello> runJava Hello.java arg1 arg2 arg3 Compiling Hello.java --- OUTPUT: kipid.hello.Hello --- Hello World! 한글! Hello arg1 Hello arg2 Hello arg3 ```/ ### Sublime Text 3 - Build System Sublime Text 3 - Menu 에서 Tools - Build System - New Build System... 클릭. 아래 텍스트 복사해서 저장. 자동으로 Data\Packages\User 폴더에 저장될거임. 직접 Sublime Text 3 가 설치된 폴더에서 Data\Packages\UserrunJavaC.sublime-build 파일을 만들어서 저장해도 됨. [예] C:\Users\강수\Documents\DaumCloud\Sublime Text Build 3059 x64\Data\Packages\User\runJavaC.sublime-build. ```[.linenums.lang-json] { "cmd": ["runJava.bat", "$file_name"] // , "file_regex": "^(...*?):([0-9]*):?([0-9]*)" , "selector": "source.java" , "encoding": "utf-8" // "cp949" } ```/ Press Ctrl+B : Build 파일 C:\Recoeve\sources\kipid\hello\Hello.java 을 Sublime Text 에서 열고, Ctrl+B 를 누르면 자동으로 실행 됨. Tools - Build System - runJavaC 를 선택해야 할지도... ## Mac OS, and possibly Unix/Linux 우선 JAVA 를 설치. 설치되면 Mac Terminal (or iTerm) 에서 다음과 같이 떠야 함. 설치할때 보통 자동으로 JAVA PATH 를 PATH 에 추가시켜 주기 때문에 어느 폴더에서 java, javac 를 실행해도 동작 하는듯. ```[.linenums.scrollable.lang-sh] $ javac -version javac 1.8.0_141 $ java -version java version "1.8.0_141" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_141-b15) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.141-b15, mixed mode) // 요 아래는 그냥 참고용으로. $ javac Usage: javac <options> <source files> where possible options include: -g Generate all debugging info -g:none Generate no debugging info -g:{lines,vars,source} Generate only some debugging info -nowarn Generate no warnings -verbose Output messages about what the compiler is doing -deprecation Output source locations where deprecated APIs are used -classpath <path> Specify where to find user class files and annotation processors -cp <path> Specify where to find user class files and annotation processors -sourcepath <path> Specify where to find input source files -bootclasspath <path> Override location of bootstrap class files -extdirs <dirs> Override location of installed extensions -endorseddirs <dirs> Override location of endorsed standards path -proc:{none,only} Control whether annotation processing and/or compilation is done. -processor <class1>[,<class2>,<class3>...] Names of the annotation processors to run; bypasses default discovery process -processorpath <path> Specify where to find annotation processors -parameters Generate metadata for reflection on method parameters -d <directory> Specify where to place generated class files -s <directory> Specify where to place generated source files -h <directory> Specify where to place generated native header files -implicit:{none,class} Specify whether or not to generate class files for implicitly referenced files -encoding <encoding> Specify character encoding used by source files -source <release> Provide source compatibility with specified release -target <release> Generate class files for specific VM version -profile <profile> Check that API used is available in the specified profile -version Version information -help Print a synopsis of standard options -Akey[=value] Options to pass to annotation processors -X Print a synopsis of nonstandard options -J<flag> Pass <flag> directly to the runtime system -Werror Terminate compilation if warnings occur @<filename> Read options and filenames from file $ java Usage: java [-options] class [args...] (to execute a class) or java [-options] -jar jarfile [args...] (to execute a jar file) where options include: -d32 use a 32-bit data model if available -d64 use a 64-bit data model if available -server to select the "server" VM The default VM is server, because you are running on a server-class machine. -cp <class search path of directories and zip/jar files> -classpath <class search path of directories and zip/jar files> A : separated list of directories, JAR archives, and ZIP archives to search for class files. -D<name>=<value> set a system property -verbose:[class|gc|jni] enable verbose output -version print product version and exit -version:<value> Warning: this feature is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. require the specified version to run -showversion print product version and continue -jre-restrict-search | -no-jre-restrict-search Warning: this feature is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. include/exclude user private JREs in the version search -? -help print this help message -X print help on non-standard options -ea[:<packagename>...|:<classname>] -enableassertions[:<packagename>...|:<classname>] enable assertions with specified granularity -da[:<packagename>...|:<classname>] -disableassertions[:<packagename>...|:<classname>] disable assertions with specified granularity -esa | -enablesystemassertions enable system assertions -dsa | -disablesystemassertions disable system assertions -agentlib:<libname>[=<options>] load native agent library <libname>, e.g. -agentlib:hprof see also, -agentlib:jdwp=help and -agentlib:hprof=help -agentpath:<pathname>[=<options>] load native agent library by full pathname -javaagent:<jarpath>[=<options>] load Java programming language agent, see java.lang.instrument -splash:<imagepath> show splash screen with specified image See http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/documentation/index.html for more details. ```/ ### shell script (runJava.sh) 다음과 같은 shell script file 을 만들고 저장. ```[.linenums] #!/bin/sh # chmod 755 runJava.sh # cp runJava.sh /usr/local/bin/ FILE_BASE_NAME=$1 if [ -f "${FILE_BASE_NAME}.java" ]; then echo $PWD # Print Working Directory. PACKAGE=$2 D=$3 CLASSPATH=.:/Library/Java/Extensions:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_141.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib:${D} echo "Compiling ${FILE_BASE_NAME}.java" javac ${FILE_BASE_NAME}.java -encoding utf8 -d ${D} -classpath ${CLASSPATH} else echo "File ${FILE_BASE_NAME}.java does not exist." fi if [ $? == 0 ]; then cd $D CLASSFILE=./${PACKAGE//./\/}/${FILE_BASE_NAME} if [ -f "${CLASSFILE}.class" ]; then echo "--- OUTPUT: ${PACKAGE}.${FILE_BASE_NAME} $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9 ---" java -Dfile.encoding=UTF8 -classpath ${CLASSPATH} ${PACKAGE}.${FILE_BASE_NAME} $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9 else echo "File ${CLASSFILE}.class does not exist." fi fi ```/ Mac Terminal (or iTerm) 에서 runJava.sh 에 실행권한을 주고, /usr/local/bin/ 폴더로 복사. ``` $ chmod 755 runJava.sh $ cp runJava.sh /usr/local/bin/ ```/ ### Test 파일 /Users/kipid/Documents/sources/kipid/hello/Hello.java 에 다음과 같이 저장. ```[.linenums] package kipid.hello; import java.lang.Math; public class Hello { public static void main(String... args) { System.out.println("Hello World! 한글!"); for (String arg : args) { System.out.println("Hello "+arg); } System.out.println(System.getProperty("java.class.path")); System.out.println(System.getProperty("java.home")); System.out.println(System.getProperty("user.dir")); System.out.println(System.getProperty("user.name")); System.out.println(System.getProperty("user.home")); System.out.println(Math.abs(-1)); } } ```/ 다음과 같이 실행하면 됨. (첫번째 argument 로 file_base_name 을, 두번째로 package, 세번째로 class 파일을 저장할 destination, 그 다음부터는 JAVA 파일 실행시 넘겨줄 arguments 를...) ```[.linenums] $ runJava.sh Hello kipid.hello /Users/kipid/Documents/classes arg1 arg2 arg3 /Users/kipid/Documents/sources/kipid/hello Compiling Hello.java --- OUTPUT: kipid.hello.Hello arg1 arg2 arg3 --- Hello World! 한글! Hello arg1 Hello arg2 Hello arg3 .:/Library/Java/Extensions:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_141.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib:/Users/kipid/Documents/classes /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_141.jdk/Contents/Home/jre /Users/kipid/Documents/classes kipid /Users/kipid 1 ```/ ### Sublime Text 3 - Build System ```[.linenums] { "cmd": ["runJava.sh" , "$file_base_name" // $1 : file_base_name , "kipid.hello" // $2 : package , "/Users/kipid/Documents/classes" // $3 : -d (destination) , "arg1", "arg2", "arg3" // $4 ... ] , "path": "/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin" // , "file_regex": "^(...*?):([0-9]*):?([0-9]*)" , "selector": "source.java" , "encoding": "utf-8" } ```/ Press Command+B : Build ## RRA
  1. Compile and Run Java programs with Sublime Text 2, 2012-11-24, by Prashant
  2. Sublime Text Unofficial Documentation - en/latest/reference/build_systems.html
  3. Batch and Shell script

  4. https://www.shellscript.sh/index.html
  5. https://www.tutorialspoint.com/unix/unix-what-is-shell.htm
  6. Wiki - Batch file and wikibooks.org - Windows Batch Scripting
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